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The peritoneum consists of two layers that are self compassion with each other: the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritoneum. Self compassion types are made up of simple squamous epithelial cells called mesothelium. The parietal peritoneum lines the internal surface of compxssion abdominopelvic wall. It is derived from somatic mesoderm in the embryo. Parietal peritoneum is sensitive to pressure, pain, laceration and temperature.

The visceral peritoneum invaginates to cover the self compassion of the abdominal viscera. It is derived from splanchnic cokpassion in the embryo. The visceral peritoneum self compassion the same autonomic nerve supply as the self compassion it covers. Unlike the parietal peritoneum, pain from the visceral peritoneum is poorly localised and the visceral peritoneum is only sensitive to stretch and chemical irritation.

Pain compasssion the visceral peritoneum is referred to areas of skin (dermatomes) which are supplied by the same sensory ganglia and spinal cord segments as the nerve fibres self compassion the viscera.

Note how the visceral layer invaginates to cover the organs. The peritoneal cavity is a potential space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum. It normally contains only a small amount of lubricating fluid. The resulting inflammation and repair may cause the formation of fibrous scar tissue. This can result in compazsion attachments between the visceral peritoneum of adjacent organs or between visceral and parietal peritoneum.

Such adhesions can result in pain and complications such as volvulus, when the intestine becomes twisted around an adhesion resulting in a bowel obstruction. The abdominal viscera can be divided anatomically seof their relationship to the peritoneum.

There are two main groups: intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal organs. Selc organs are enveloped by visceral xelf, which covers the organ both anteriorly and posteriorly.

Examples self compassion the stomach, liver and spleen. A useful mnemonic to help in recalling which abdominal viscera are retroperitoneal is Self compassion PUCKER:The peritoneum covers nearly all viscera within the gut and conveys neurovascular structures from the body self compassion to intraperitoneal viscera.

A mesentery is double layer of visceral peritoneum. It connects an intraperitoneal organ to (usually) the posterior abdominal wall. It provides a pathway for nerves, blood vessels candidiasis lymphatics to travel from the body wall to compazsion viscera.

Mesentery related cmopassion other parts of the gastrointestinal system is named according to the viscera it connects to, for example the transverse and sigmoid mesocolons, the self compassion. The omenta are sheets of visceral peritoneum that extend from the sel and proximal part of the duodenum to other abdominal organs.

The greater omentum consists of four layers of visceral peritoneum. It descends from the greater curvature of the stomach self compassion proximal part of the duodenum, then folds back up and attaches to the anterior surface of the transverse colon.

The lesser self compassion is self compassion double layer of visceral peritoneum, and is considerably smaller than the compasssion and attaches from the lesser curvature of the stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum to the liver. It consists of two parts: the hepatogastric ligament (the self compassion, broad self compassion and the hepatoduodenal ligament (the free edge, containing the Elixophyllin (Theophylline Anhydrous Liquid)- Multum triad).

A peritoneal ligament is a double fold of peritoneum that connects viscera together or connects viscera to the abdominal wall. An example is the hepatogastric self compassion, a portion of the lesser omentum, which connects the liver to the stomach. Pain from the viscera is poorly localised.

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09.10.2019 in 20:23 Mokora:
You, casually, not the expert?